Benefits of breast milk for prevention of sore nipple & association with their demographic variables: A quasi-experimental study

Original Article

Author Details : Nadiya Rashid, Javaid Ahmad Mir*

Volume : 4, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 127-131

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Introduction: A newborn baby has only three demands. They are warmth in the arms of his mother, food from her breasts and security in the knowledge of her presence. Breastfeeding satisfies all three. While breastfeeding may not seem the right choice for every parent, it is the choice for every baby because it fulfills the physical needs as well as psychotic complementary of the child.
The study aimedto find out the association of nipple soreness in experimental group and comparison group in terms of sample characteristics of postnatal mothers.
Materials and Methods: A quasi experimental study was conducted on 70 postnatal mothers, (35 in experimental group and 35 in the comparison group) who breast feeds their babies were selected conveniently. Feeding pattern was assessed by LATCH scale four times in a day followed by the application of hind milk minimum four times in a day for three or four days as per discharge day of mother. The mother was asked to rub hind milk on nipples after feeding the baby and letting it air dry in front of researcher and nipple soreness scale was used to check the sore nipple at third and fifth day or at the day of discharge. Follow up of postnatal mothers was done telephonically by using interview questionnaire on day 15 in both groups.
Results: Study findings revealed that on 3rd day, the mean nipple soreness score was higher in comparison group (1.45) than experimental group (0.10) and thus there was significant difference (t value = 3.87) in nipple soreness score.
Conclusion: Study concluded that breast milk application was effective in preventing sore nipples among postnatal mothers. Hence, it can be recommended to use breast milk for the prevention of sore nipple.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Application of breast milk, Prevention of sore nipple, Postnatal mothers, Hind milk

How to cite : Rashid N, Mir J A, Benefits of breast milk for prevention of sore nipple & association with their demographic variables: A quasi-experimental study. J Paediatr Nurs Sci 2021;4(4):127-131

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and J Paediatr Nurs Sci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (

Article History

Received : 22-10-2021

Accepted : 18-11-2021

Available online : 11-01-2022

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